Gold

The Gold Group

Gold
Mercury Lead Silver Copper

The Gold Group is composed of metallic elements that have the same crystal structure as gold. The group is composed of only six minerals: gold, silver, copper, mercury, aluminum and lead. People familiar with the periodic table would understand the similarities between gold, copper and silver since as they fall in the same column and thus they share some similar chemical properties. Lead and Aluminum however, don't lie in the same columns as the others but they do crystallize with the same structure as the rest of the group. Mercury is only grudgingly included in this group because it is found alloyed with other members of this group, however it does not by itself form crystals at normal temperates. Minerals of gold, silver and copper are all found in relatively large concentrations within the Earth's crust, but mercury is much rarer, while lead and aluminum are extremely scarce in their native forms.

The structure of this group is very simple . . . honest. Every atom is of course the same since these minerals are composed of a single element. The structure is based on a face centered cube. The atoms are arranged in such a way that they occupy the corners and the centers of each face of a cube. Every atom is touching 12 other atoms. There are exactly four atoms contained in the face center cube (you only count the portion that is actually in the cube). The symmetry of this group is the highest symmetry allowed in a three dimensional system; isometric 4/m bar 3 2/m.

These are the members of the Gold Group:

Popular Members of the Elements Class








 

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