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THE MINERAL TURQUOISE

  • Chemistry: CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8*5(H2O), Hydrated Copper Aluminum Phosphate
  • Class: Phosphates
  • Uses: as an ornamental stone for carving and jewelry.
  • Specimens
    For Turquoise Jewelry, see -->  TURQUOISE JEWELRY

Turquoise is a valuable mineral and is possibly the most valuable, non-transparent (non-metal) mineral in the jewelry trade.

It has been mined for eons since at least 6000 BC. by early Egyptians. Its history also includes beautiful ornamental creations by Native Americans and Persians. Its popularity is still quite strong today.

Although crystals of any size are rare, some small crystals have been found in Virginia and elsewhere. Most specimens are cryptocrystalline, meaning that the crystals could only be seen by a microscope.

The finest turquoise comes from Iran but is challenged by some southwestern United States specimens.

Turquoise is often imitated by "fakes", such as the mineral chrysocolla, and poorer turquoise specimens are often dyed or color stabilized with coatings of various resins. The name comes from a French word which means stone of Turkey, from where Persian material passed on its way to Europe.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Color is of course, turquoise, but this color actually varies from greenish blue to sky blue shades.
  • Luster is dull to waxy, vitreous in macro-crystals.
  • Transparency specimens are opaque.
  • Crystal System is triclinic; bar 1
  • Crystal Habits include crystals rarely large enough to see, usually massive, cryptocrystalline forms as nodules and veinlets.
  • Cleavage is perfect in two direction, but is not often seen.
  • Fracture is conchoidal and smooth.
  • Hardness is 5 - 6
  • Specific Gravity is approximately 2.6 - 2.8 (average)
  • Streak is white with a greenish tint.
  • Associated Minerals are pyrite. limonite. quartz and clays.
  • Other Characteristics: color can change with exposure to skin oils.
  • Notable Occurances include Arizona and New Mexico, USA; Australia; Iran; Afghanistan and other locallities in the Middle East.
  • Best Field Indicators are crystal habit, hardness, luster, color and associations.

Turquoise Jewelry - Hover over an item for more information
Sterling Silver Arizona Turquoise Ring Jewelry
This Ring was handmade by a master artisan and is one of a kind.Only $68.99 at JeGem.com
no photoSterling Silver Arizona Turquoise Ring Jewelry
$68.99
JeGem.com
Ross-Simons Oval Turquoise Statement Ring in Sterling Silver
Make a statement. This sculptural, textured ring is an artful stage for the oval turquoise cabochon. Pattern in the stone will vary. Sterling silver ring.Only $95.00 at Ross-Simons
no photoRoss-Simons Oval Turquoise Statement Ring in Sterling Silver
$95.00
Ross-Simons
ZOe + SYD Coral & Turquoise Multi-Row Bracelet, Womens
Slip on instant chic with this multi-row bracelet in genuine coral and turquoise with stylish gold-tone metalwork. Metal: Gold-tone metalStones: Genuine coralOther Stones: Genuine turquoiseClosure: StretchLength: 7inGemstones may be treated and may...Only $43.74 at jcpenney
no photoZOe + SYD Coral & Turquoise Multi-Row Bracelet, Womens
$43.74
jcpenney
Ross-Simons 9-10mm Cultured Pearl, Turquoise Bead Bracelet in Gold. 7.25"
In an appealing, graduated design, this 9-10mm cultured freshwater pearl and turquoise bead bracelet recreates a summer day at the beach, calling to mind blue skies and whitecaps. Turquoise beads of 4-5mm complement the gleaming pearl centerpiece just...Only $101.25 at Ross-Simons
no photoRoss-Simons 9-10mm Cultured Pearl, Turquoise Bead Bracelet in Gold. 7.25"
$101.25
Ross-Simons
Sterling Silver Tibetan Turquoise Ring Jewelry
This Ring was handmade by a master artisan and is one of a kind.Only $73.49 at JeGem.com
no photoSterling Silver Tibetan Turquoise Ring Jewelry
$73.49
JeGem.com
Freida Rothman 'Metropolitan' Oval Stone Ring
Watery crystal inlays illuminate every angle of this gorgeous cocktail ring rendered in contrasting precious metals and crowned with a colorful semiprecious stone. Color(s): gold/ black/ turquoise. Brand: Freida Rothman. Style Name: Freida Rothman...Only $205.00 at Nordstrom
no photoFreida Rothman 'Metropolitan' Oval Stone Ring
$205.00
Nordstrom
Large Drop Pendant, Turquoise - Ippolita
Bright blue turquoise and modern, hand-hammered sterling silver marry well on this Ippolita pendant. Signature Ippolita hand-hammered sterling silver settings. Faceted turquoise teardrop pendant. 2 1/8inL x 1 3/8inW. Imported. Please Note: Chain,...Only $550.00 at Neiman Marcus
no photoLarge Drop Pendant, Turquoise - Ippolita
$550.00
Neiman Marcus
Indian Head Nickel Men's Ring Jewelry
The Indian Head Nickel coin was designed in the early 20th century to honor the proud heritage of Native Americans and the spirit of the American West. Minted only from 1913 to 1938, this favorite among coin collectors has now become the centerpiece of...Only $129.00 at The Bradford Exchange Online
no photoIndian Head Nickel Men's Ring Jewelry
$129.00
The Bradford Exchange Online
Women's 14mm Sterling Silver Turquoise Rocks Ring - Lagos
Sterling silver Lagos ring. Faceted cushion-cut turquoise center. Signature Caviar bezel. Wide band with crown logo.Only $295.00 at Neiman Marcus
no photoWomen's 14mm Sterling Silver Turquoise Rocks Ring - Lagos
$295.00
Neiman Marcus
Oval Turquoise Ring - Dina Mackney
This Dina Mackney ring balances modern mixed metals and timeless turquoise for a contemporary-meets-classic look. Dina Mackney ring. Oval natural American turquoise cabochon center. 18-karat yellow gold bezel. Wide sterling silver band. 1inW.Only $800.00 at Neiman Marcus
no photoOval Turquoise Ring - Dina Mackney
$800.00
Neiman Marcus
Sterling Silver Tibetan Turquoise Ring Jewelry
This Ring was handmade by a master artisan and is one of a kind.Only $62.99 at JeGem.com
no photoSterling Silver Tibetan Turquoise Ring Jewelry
$62.99
JeGem.com
Sterling Silver Arizona Turquoise Ring Jewelry
This Ring was handmade by a master artisan and is one of a kind.Only $91.49 at JeGem.com
no photoSterling Silver Arizona Turquoise Ring Jewelry
$91.49
JeGem.com
Ross-Simons Large Turquoise Hoop Earrings in 14kt Yellow Gold
Bold, vibrant turquoise hoops hang to a length of 1 1/2 inch. Capped in 14kt yellow gold. Snap-bars.Only $172.50 at Ross-Simons
no photoRoss-Simons Large Turquoise Hoop Earrings in 14kt Yellow Gold
$172.50
Ross-Simons
Wonderland Teardrop Ring - Ippolita
Ippolita harnesses the natural, exotic properties of bright silver and turquoise to create this statement ring. We love that the texture can punch up on-trend bohemian looks or add a decadent edge to more refined ensembles. From the Wonderland...Only $595.00 at Neiman Marcus
no photoWonderland Teardrop Ring - Ippolita
$595.00
Neiman Marcus
Stella Mini Lollipop Ring in Turquoise Doublet with Diamonds, 0.15 - Ippolita
Radiant white diamonds and the collection's signature sterling silver lend this timely Ippolita ring timeless elegance. From the Rock Candy Collection. Signature Ippolita hand-hammered sterling silver. Round-cut clear quartz and turquoise doublet...Only $650.00 at Neiman Marcus
no photoStella Mini Lollipop Ring in Turquoise Doublet with Diamonds, 0.15 - Ippolita
$650.00
Neiman Marcus
This Site Awarded
Available TURQUOISE specimens:
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TUR-44
$ 45.00
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TUR-53
$ 15.20
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TUR-50
$ 20.00
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see this List of ALL specimens including SOLD ones


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