THE MINERAL TURQUOISE


Turquoise is a valuable mineral and is possibly the most valuable, non-transparent (non-metal) mineral in the jewelry trade.

It has been mined for eons since at least 6000 BC. by early Egyptians. Its history also includes beautiful ornamental creations by Native Americans and Persians. Its popularity is still quite strong today.

Although crystals of any size are rare, some small crystals have been found in Virginia and elsewhere. Most specimens are cryptocrystalline, meaning that the crystals could only be seen by a microscope.

The finest turquoise comes from Iran but is challenged by some southwestern United States specimens.

Turquoise is often imitated by "fakes", such as the mineral chrysocolla, and poorer turquoise specimens are often dyed or color stabilized with coatings of various resins. The name comes from a French word which means stone of Turkey, from where Persian material passed on its way to Europe.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Color is of course, turquoise, but this color actually varies from greenish blue to sky blue shades.
  • Luster is dull to waxy, vitreous in macro-crystals.
  • Transparency specimens are opaque.
  • Crystal System is triclinic; bar 1
  • Crystal Habits include crystals rarely large enough to see, usually massive, cryptocrystalline forms as nodules and veinlets.
  • Cleavage is perfect in two direction, but is not often seen.
  • Fracture is conchoidal and smooth.
  • Hardness is 5 - 6
  • Specific Gravity is approximately 2.6 - 2.8 (average)
  • Streak is white with a greenish tint.
  • Associated Minerals are pyrite. limonite. quartz and clays.
  • Other Characteristics: color can change with exposure to skin oils.
  • Notable Occurances include Arizona and New Mexico, USA; Australia; Iran; Afghanistan and other locallities in the Middle East.
  • Best Field Indicators are crystal habit, hardness, luster, color and associations.

Turquoise Jewelry - Hover over an item for more information
Fringe Beaded Bib Necklace, Turquoise/White/Golden (Stylist Pick!)
Shop for at Cusp by Neiman Marcus! PanaceaFringe Beaded Bib Necklace, Turquoise/White/Golden (Stylist Pick!)DetailsPanacea fringe beaded bib necklace.Approx. 21inL golden chain.Golden faceted beads at top of bib and end.White howlite and turquoise...Only $95.00 at CUSP
no photoFringe Beaded Bib Necklace, Turquoise/White/Golden (Stylist Pick!)
$95.00
CUSP
Large Turquoise Hoop Earrings in 14kt Yellow Gold
Bold, vibrant turquoise hoops hang to a length of 1 1/2 inch. Capped in 14kt yellow gold. Snap-bars.Only $172.50 at Ross-Simons
no photoLarge Turquoise Hoop Earrings in 14kt Yellow Gold
$172.50
Ross-Simons
Barse Legacy Bronze with Silver Overlay Gemstone Square Ring LEGAR03MU07 / LEGAR03MU08 Size: 7
Size: 7 Barse Legacy Bronze with Silver Overlay Gemstone Square Ring Features: -Ring.-Material: Metal Bronze with Silver overlay.-Stone-green howlite-turquoise howlite-green glass.-Legacy collection.-Stone: Glass; Turquoise.-Style: Multi Stone...Only $49.00 at Wayfair
no photoBarse Legacy Bronze with Silver Overlay Gemstone Square Ring LEGAR03MU07 / LEGAR03MU08 Size: 7
$49.00
Wayfair
Turquoise Hoop Earrings in 14kt Gold Over Sterling Silver
Hoop earrings are reaching high-style status with great details like these: hammered curves, bezel-set turquoise stations and a fine satin finish. Clutch/post, 14kt gold over sterling silver earrings.Only $120.00 at Ross-Simons
no photoTurquoise Hoop Earrings in 14kt Gold Over Sterling Silver
$120.00
Ross-Simons
Palm Beach Jewelry Gold Viennese Turquoise Band 48636 Size: 7
Size: 7 Palm Beach Jewelry Gold Viennese Turquoise Band Instantly transform your everyday style into outstanding! This vibrant Viennese turquoise band adds just the right touch of fashion intrigue. 14k gold trim around the center. Viennese turquoise -...Only $73.75 at Wayfair
no photoPalm Beach Jewelry Gold Viennese Turquoise Band 48636 Size: 7
$73.75
Wayfair
Turquoise and 2.60 ct. t.w. Ruby Ring in Sterling Silver
Our turquoise and 2.60 ct. t.w. ruby dome ring is an eclectic mix of color, form and texture to make a statement that commands attention! Brushed sterling silver ring.Only $85.00 at Ross-Simons
no photoTurquoise and 2.60 ct. t.w. Ruby Ring in Sterling Silver
$85.00
Ross-Simons
Turquoise, .10ct t.w. Diamond Drop Earring Jackets in Silver
Just waiting to dress up your favorite pair of earrings, these turquoise earring jackets drop to a graceful 5/8 inch in length! Accented with .10 ct. t.w. diamonds. Sterling silver earring jackets.Only $97.50 at Ross-Simons
no photoTurquoise, .10ct t.w. Diamond Drop Earring Jackets in Silver
$97.50
Ross-Simons
Sterling Silver Purple Mohave Turquoise Pendant
Handmade by Master Artisan. See more details at JeGem.com.Only $77.24 at JeGem.com
no photoSterling Silver Purple Mohave Turquoise Pendant
$77.24
JeGem.com
Turquoise and 1.95 ct. t.w. Multi-Stone Ring in Sterling Silver
On this ring, multiple gemstones are set in intricate scrollwork, exuding the feel of ornate filigree. Includes a 9x7mm oval stabilized turquoise cabochon, and 1.95 ct. tot. gem. wt. of pear-shaped citrine and amethyst cabochons. Sterling silver ring.Only $125.00 at Ross-Simons
no photoTurquoise and 1.95 ct. t.w. Multi-Stone Ring in Sterling Silver
$125.00
Ross-Simons
Kate Bissett Turquoise and Purple Fashion Enamel Colors Ring R07879R-V01 Size: 5
Size: 5 Kate Bissett Turquoise and Purple Fashion Enamel Colors Ring Features: -Ring.-Metal: Brass.-White gold rhodium bonded.-All weights and measurements are approximate and may vary slightly from the listed information.-Click here for ring sizing...Only $35.18 at Wayfair
no photoKate Bissett Turquoise and Purple Fashion Enamel Colors Ring R07879R-V01 Size: 5
$35.18
Wayfair
Quartz Beaded Chain Drop Earrings, Turquoise (Stylist Pick!)
Shop for at Cusp by Neiman Marcus! PanaceaQuartz Beaded Chain Drop Earrings, Turquoise (Stylist Pick!)DetailsPanacea tiered drop earrings.Approx. 1 1/2in drop.Golden teardrop frames and chain fringe.Turquoise quartz beads at center of teardrops.Wire...Only $25.00 at CUSP
no photoQuartz Beaded Chain Drop Earrings, Turquoise (Stylist Pick!)
$25.00
CUSP
Rafia Jewelry Metal Cross Turquoise Pendant Necklace NK1033bmg
Rafia Jewelry Metal Cross Turquoise Pendant Necklace Features: -Necklace.-Base material: Metal.-Stone type: Turquoise.-Finish: Gold.-Necklace Style: Crosses.-Material: Base Metal.-Length: 14" - 16"; 16" - 18".-Color: Yellow Gold.-Stone Type:...Only $54.00 at Wayfair
no photoRafia Jewelry Metal Cross Turquoise Pendant Necklace NK1033bmg
$54.00
Wayfair
Round Viennese Turquoise 14k Yellow Gold Ring Band
. Instantly transform your everyday style into outstanding! This vibrant Viennese turquoise band adds just the right touch of fashion intrigue. 14k gold trim around the center. Sizes 6-10. Viennese turquoise - Turquoise imitations with good color. The...Only $75.99 at PalmBeachJewelry
no photoRound Viennese Turquoise 14k Yellow Gold Ring Band
$75.99
PalmBeachJewelry
Oval Turquoise Dome Ring in 14kt Yellow Gold
This oval turquoise dome ring is the perfect on-trend accessory for the style-conscious. The lovely blue stone is wrapped in gold for a sleek look. Polished 14 yellow gold ring.Only $265.00 at Ross-Simons
no photoOval Turquoise Dome Ring in 14kt Yellow Gold
$265.00
Ross-Simons
Palm Beach Jewelry Gold Viennese Turquoise Band 48636 Size: 10
Size: 10 Palm Beach Jewelry Gold Viennese Turquoise Band Instantly transform your everyday style into outstanding! This vibrant Viennese turquoise band adds just the right touch of fashion intrigue. 14k gold trim around the center. Viennese turquoise -...Only $73.75 at Wayfair
no photoPalm Beach Jewelry Gold Viennese Turquoise Band 48636 Size: 10
$73.75
Wayfair

This Site Awarded
Available TURQUOISE specimens:
TURQUOISE specimen TUR-44
$ 90.00 -50% = $ 45.00
Dims: 3.03x1.88x1.59in (7.69x4.77x4.05cm) .... Wt: 6.2oz (175g) .... Loc: Competos Mine, Sonora, Mexico
This turquoise specimen displays both a pale-blue bulk material and numerous small crystals that appear to be transparent blue turquoise crystals. However, there is quite a bit of binder here, generally a transparent plastic to bind a loose specimen together.
no photo
TUR-44
$ 45.00
no photo
TURQUOISE specimen TUR-53
$ 19.00 -20% = $ 15.20
Dims: 1.19x0.91x0.82in (3.02x2.30x2.09cm) .... Wt: 0.71oz (20.0g) .... Loc: Cananea, Sonora, Mexico
Most turquoise specimens we see are simple nodules, but this one is a pseudomorph after apatite. It has a nice turquoise color with a surface pattern of some brown mineral that adds contrast.
no photo
TUR-53
$ 15.20
no photo
TURQUOISE specimen TUR-50
$ 25.00 -20% = $ 20.00
Dims: 1.44x1.36x0.56in (3.65x3.45x1.41cm) .... Wt: 0.92oz (26.0g) .... Loc: Turuoise Mountain, Globe, Arizona, USA
This relatively flat nodule also has a brown-green crust over the outside, and a cut base revealing the pretty blue interior.
no photo
TUR-50
$ 20.00
no photo
see this List of ALL specimens including SOLD ones

 

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