THE MINERAL NATIVE GOLD


Gold is a pleasure to own and possess, as many people have discovered throughout the ages and around the world. Gold is a very stubborn element when it comes to reacting to or combining with other elements. Keeping this in mind helps to explain many things about gold. There are very few true gold ores, besides native gold, because it forms a major part of only a few rare minerals, it is found as little more than a trace in a few others or it is alloyed to a small extent with other metals such as silver. Gold is almost indestructible and has been used and then reused for centuries to the extent that all gold of known existence is almost equal to all the gold that has ever been mined. Gold is a great medium metal for jewelry, as it never tarnishes. Native gold wires emerging from massive white quartz can make for a visually stunning specimen.

A few of the minerals that bear gold in their respective formulas are in a subclass of sulfides called the tellurides. The element gold seems to have an affinity for tellurium and this is one of the only elements that gold can bond with easily. In fact only a few rare tellurides are found without gold. A few of the tellurides are nagyagite, calaverite, sylvanite and krennerite. These are all minor ores of gold and their contributions to the supply of gold pales next to native gold's own contribution. Occasionally these minerals are associated with native gold.

There are a number of minerals that are aptly named "Fool's Gold" because only a fool could believe they are gold! Actually, it is easy for people who see shiny golden colored flakes sparkling at them from some rock they just picked up to believe that they have struck pay-dirt. Gold's ductility, sectility, density and softness are usually sufficient to distinguish it from the much cheaper imposters. The most famous "fool's gold" is the very common sulfide, pyrite. Chalcopyrite, marcasite and just about any golden colored sulfide has been also proven to be worthy the "fool's gold" moniker. Weathered flakes of biotite which can sport a bright yellow color and a nice flash of light when viewed just right have also been mistaken for gold.

Gold specimens are sometimes artistically stunning and a good investment as well. After all, it is gold, which never seems to lose its value. Good natural specimens are more expensive than their actual weight value. This is to be expected as good gold crystals are somewhat scarce (most are disolved, crushed, or melted down as part of the mining process) and the only justification for preserving a specimen is the expectation that it will bring a higher price in its natural state.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Color is golden "butter" yellow.
  • Luster is metallic.
  • Transparency is opaque.
  • Crystal System is isometric; 4/m bar 3 2/m
  • Crystal Habits include massive nuggets and disseminated grains. Also wires, dendritic and arborescent crystal clusters.
  • Cleavage is absent.
  • Fracture is jagged.
  • Streak is golden yellow.
  • Hardness is 2.5 - 3
  • Specific Gravity is 19.3+ (extremely heavy even for metallic minerals)
  • Associated Minerals include quartz, nagyagite, calaverite, sylvanite, krennerite, pyrite and other sulfides.
  • Other Characteristics: ductile, malleable and sectile, meaning it can be pounded into other shapes, stretched into a wire and cut into slices.
  • Notable Occurrences include California and South Dakota, USA; Siberia, Russia; South Africa; Canada and other localities around the world.
  • Best Field Indicators are color, density, hardness, sectility, malleability and ductility.

Gold Jewelry - Hover over an item for more information
Green Jade, 6-6.5mm Multicolored Cultured Pearl Shell Pendant in Gold
Let the shore come to you. On this pendant, 6-6.5mm white, pink and gray cultured freshwater pearls are nestled inside a carved green jade shell. Single bale fits up to a 4mm chain, sold separately. 14kt yellow gold pendant. Pearl birthstones are the...Only $71.25 at Ross-Simons
no photoGreen Jade, 6-6.5mm Multicolored Cultured Pearl Shell Pendant in Gold
$71.25
Ross-Simons
Halo 1/10 Carat Diamond Engagement Ring 14k White Gold , size 5 - 7.5
Limited Availability - Delicate in design, this diamond engagement ring is crafted in enduring 14k white gold and features sparkling micropave-set diamonds to frame your center diamond. Setting includes 1/10 carat total diamond weight. Size: 5 - 7.5....Only $640.00 at Blue Nile
no photoHalo 1/10 Carat Diamond Engagement Ring 14k White Gold , size 5 - 7.5
$640.00
Blue Nile
Women's Baguette 1/3 Carat Diamond Wedding Ring 14k White Gold
This 14k white gold ring has two straight bar channel-set baguette diamonds framed by two tapered baguette diamonds. A slight curve in this band allows for it to sit nicely next to the matching setting. Size: OSFA. Color: white gold/diamond. Gender:...Only $870.00 at Blue Nile
no photoWomen's Baguette 1/3 Carat Diamond Wedding Ring 14k White Gold
$870.00
Blue Nile
"14k Gold 4mm Baby Heart Ring"
"14K Gold Baby Heart ring; measures approximately 4mm W."Only $101.00 at Sarraf Jewelry
no photo"14k Gold 4mm Baby Heart Ring"
$101.00
Sarraf Jewelry
Low Dome Comfort Fit Engagement Ring 14k White Gold 2.5 mm, size 3 - 9
This enduring engagement ring setting is crafted in 14k white gold with a low dome design for a comfortable fit. Size: 3 - 9. Color: white gold. Gender: female. Age Group: adult.Only $290.00 at Blue Nile
no photoLow Dome Comfort Fit Engagement Ring 14k White Gold 2.5 mm, size 3 - 9
$290.00
Blue Nile
Trio Princess Cut Pave 1/3 Carat Diamond Engagement Ring 14k White Gold , size 3 - 9
Elegant in design, this petite diamond engagement ring showcases ten round pave-set diamonds with two princess-cut side diamonds and your diamond of choice set in 14k white gold. Setting includes 1/3 carat total diamond weight. Size: 3 - 9. Color:...Only $890.00 at Blue Nile
no photoTrio Princess Cut Pave 1/3 Carat Diamond Engagement Ring 14k White Gold , size 3 - 9
$890.00
Blue Nile
"14K White Gold 10.7mm Ring With 0.35ct. Synthetic Diamonds"
"An elegant and modern design ring with 0.35 round Synthetic Diamonds Pave and bezel set in to a solid 14K white gold. The measurements of the ring is 10.7mm wide."Only $275.00 at Sarraf Jewelry
no photo"14K White Gold 10.7mm Ring With 0.35ct. Synthetic Diamonds"
$275.00
Sarraf Jewelry
"14k Gold 5mm Cubic Zirconia Wedding Band"
"14K Gold 5mm W channel-set round Cubic Zirconia ring."Only $295.00 at Sarraf Jewelry
no photo"14k Gold 5mm Cubic Zirconia Wedding Band"
$295.00
Sarraf Jewelry
Diamond Heart Engagement Ring and Wedding Band Set 1/2 Carat (ctw) in 10K Yellow Gold
Diamond Heart Engagement Ring and Wedding Band Set 1/2 Carat (ctw) in 10K Yellow Gold #08GD005750. Diamond Heart Engagement Ring and Wedding Band Set 1/2 Carat (ctw) in 10K Yellow Gold - An exquisite diamond-studded heart lies at the centre of this...Only $479.00 at MyJewelryBox.com
no photoDiamond Heart Engagement Ring and Wedding Band Set 1/2 Carat (ctw) in 10K Yellow Gold
$479.00
MyJewelryBox.com
.15 ct. t.w. Diamond Anchor Necklace in 14kt Yellow Gold. 18"
Sparkling .15 ct. t.w. diamond anchor necklace is a symbol of hope and heraldry glitzed up with diamond rounds. Includes 1mm cable chain with lobster clasp and 2" extender. 14kt yellow gold necklace. Diamond birthstones are the perfect gift for April...Only $243.75 at Ross-Simons
no photo.15 ct. t.w. Diamond Anchor Necklace in 14kt Yellow Gold. 18"
$243.75
Ross-Simons
5 MM Heart Tanzanite Promise Ring in 14k White Gold Engagement Jewelry
Make her heart beat for you with this Heart Tanzanite Three Heart Ring. Fashioned in 14k white gold, the ring showcases a center bezel set heart-shaped tanzanite accentuated with finely carved metal hearts. A very sweet and chic design, this ring is...Only $549.00 at Angara.com
no photo5 MM Heart Tanzanite Promise Ring in 14k White Gold Engagement Jewelry
$549.00
Angara.com
1.00 ct. t.w. Double-Row Diamond Ring in 14kt White Gold
This glamorous two-row ring flickers with 1.00 ct. t.w. of graduated diamonds. 14kt white gold ring. Diamond birthstones are the perfect gift for April birthdays.Only $995.00 at Ross-Simons
no photo1.00 ct. t.w. Double-Row Diamond Ring in 14kt White Gold
$995.00
Ross-Simons
Classic Tapered Four Prong Engagement Ring 14k White Gold, size 3 - 9
Simply elegant, this solitaire engagement ring in 14k white gold is crafted to taper to a point and frame your center diamond in a four-prong design. Size: 3 - 9. Color: white gold. Gender: female. Age Group: adult.Only $310.00 at Blue Nile
no photoClassic Tapered Four Prong Engagement Ring 14k White Gold, size 3 - 9
$310.00
Blue Nile
Cushion Blue Topaz 14K White Gold Ring with London Blue Topaz - Cushion-Cut Candace Ring (8mm gem)
This modern ring style with a hint of vintage flair features a fashionable cushion-shaped gem complemented by a delicate and feminine band with gems half-way around the finger.Only $720.00 at Gemvara
no photoCushion Blue Topaz 14K White Gold Ring with London Blue Topaz - Cushion-Cut Candace Ring (8mm gem)
$720.00
Gemvara
Princess-Cut Floating Halo Diamond Engagement Ring 14k White Gold, size 3 - 9
Capture the moment with this 14k white gold engagement ring, featuring a pave-set diamond halo and your choice of center diamond. Size: 3 - 9. Color: white gold/diamond. Gender: female. Age Group: adult.Only $550.00 at Blue Nile
no photoPrincess-Cut Floating Halo Diamond Engagement Ring 14k White Gold, size 3 - 9
$550.00
Blue Nile

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Available GOLD specimens:
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