Tanzanite is relatively new on the gemstone market, but has left its mark.
Its blue-lavender color is rather unique and a wonderful addition to the gemstone palette.
Found in Tanzania (hence the name) in 1967, it has since become a well known and widely distributed gemstone.
It has become so popular that in October of 2002 the American Gem Trade
Association (AGTA) announced that tanzanite had joined
Pleochroism is very pronounced in tanzanite and is seen as three different color shades in the same stone. In the viewing a tanzanite stone, the colors dark blue, green-yellow and red-purple can be seen, all a result of pleochroism. Lesser stones may have a brownish color due to the mixing of blue, purple and green. These stones are usually heat treated to a deep blue color. Iolite is a blue-violet gemstone variety of the mineral cordierite, has strong pleochroism and can be confused with tanzanite. However, iolite is usually less strongly colored, its pleochroic colors vary from blue-violet to yellowish gray to blue and it has less fire.
Nearly all tanzanite has been heat treated to generate the beautiful violet-blue color this stone is known for. When first mined, most stones are a muted green color. The only known source of Tanzanite is a five square mile hilltop at Merelani, ten miles south of the Kilimanjaro International Airport in Tanzania.
Tanzanite is the gem variety of the mineral Zoisite.