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THE MINERAL DANBURITE



Danburite is not a well-known mineral but is growing in popularity. With crystals similar to topaz, danburite offers a unique opportunity for a collector who likes perfectly transparent crystal clusters. People who admire clear quartz will like the different look of danburite. Its diamond-shaped cross-section and wedge like termination is a contrast to quartz's hexagonal prisms and pyramidal terminations. Danburite's original locality is now buried under the city of Danbury, Connecticut.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Color is almost always clear or white, but also can be shades of yellow, pink and brown.
  • Luster is vitreous.
  • Transparency: Crystals are transparent to translucent.
  • Crystal System is orthorhombic; 2/m 2/m 2/m
  • Crystal Habits include generally prismatic crystals with a diamond-shaped cross-section. The termination is a steeply slanted dome producing a wedge look. Crystals can be rather thin to almost acicular or up to a foot long and several inches across.
  • Cleavage is poor in one direction, basal.
  • Fracture is uneven to conchoidal.
  • Hardness is 7 - 7.5
  • Specific Gravity is approximately 3.0 (average)
  • Streak is white or colorless.
  • Associated Minerals are quartz, feldspars, cassiterite, dolomite, corundum variety ruby, and fluorite.
  • Notable Occurrences include Danbury, Connecticut and Russell, New York, USA; Charcas, San Luis Potosi, Mexico; Kyushu Is., Japan; Mogok, Burma and Uri, Switzerland.
  • Best Field Indicators are crystal habit, poor cleavage, hardness and associations.

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